Nils Droste a personal page

Tenure track! in Environmental Politics

SocialScienceBuilding

Social Science Faculty building, own pic.

In September I have started as Associate Senior Lecturer (Biträdande Lektor) in Environmental Politics at the Political Science Department in Lund. My position is co-financed by the strategic research area Biodiversity and Ecosystems in a Changing Climate. I will also form part of the Environmental Politics Research Group. Method wise, I will be one of the few scholars bridging social and environmental science through quantitative methods. Teaching wise, I will be part of the teams for “International Environmental Governance” and “Methods in Social Science”. This four year, tenure-track position is going to a super exiting interdisciplinary and hopefully trandisciplinary journey!

I really want to get my hands dirty with some applied and evidence-based policy advice for effective conservation policies ;)

Designing a global biodiversity financing mechanism

EFT_world

Global distributions of rewards, incentives, and their leverage, doi: 10.1111/conl.12670

In a recent article Georgina Mace et al. propose to aim higher to bend the curve of biodiversity loss. While I am convinced that this is not just needed for sustainable development but also feasible, I do think we need to innovate our (global) institutions to make such a change happen.

With the current IPCC Land report and the global IPBES assessment, it is clear that land use has to change. Nature Conservation and protected areas are cornerstone in any strategy to safeguard ecological life support and thus human thriving.

So, what if we paid nations for their conservation efforts? Gave them a financial reward for providing protected areas? This is the basic idea of the Brazilian Ecological Fiscal Transfer systems, that compensates municipalities for hosting protected areas. According to the empirical results so far (e.g. here, here, and here) this sets incentives for conservation that result in additional protected areas.

Therefore, we propose to upscale such an EFT mechanism to the global level and developed three different design options:

  1. Ecocentric: only protected area (PA) extent per country counts, the bigger the protected area the better
  2. Socio-ecological: protected area and Human Development Index count, to bring in some development justice
  3. Anthropocentric: population density is also taken into account, because people benefit locally from PA

We assess the designs by how well they perform in setting incentives with regard to policy gaps to reach Aichi target 11. Here, we find that the socio-ecological design sets the highest incentives where the policy gap is largest.

By this we hope to inspire some constructive science-policy dialogue about how we can devise institutions to make land use change happen and bend the curve of biodiversity loss.

The article has been published open access in Conservation Letters:

  • Droste, N., Farley, J., Ring, I., May, P.H., Ricketts, T.H. (2019) Designing a global mechanism for intergovernmental biodiversity financing. Conservation Letters. doi: 10.1111/conl.12670

My next step - CEC @ Lund University

Lund

Lund University Library, own pic.

I have just accepted a post-doc position at the Center for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC) in Lund, within the strategic research area Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in a Changing Climate (BECC). I am going to work with Mark Brady, Katarina Hedlund, Yann Clough, Wilhelm May, Luca Di Corato, and Yves Surry on the insurance value of soil biodiversity with regard to increasing weather variability. The project is called, ”Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services as Insurance against risks of Future Weather Variability (BioInsure)”. I will be starting in September.

I am super excited!

I am on the 2018 Job Market

In case you are interested in the composition of my work on evidence-based policy advice regarding Ecological Fiscal Transfers, here is my dissertation (submitted in December).

Here is my CV for download.

Below, you find kind of a graphical abstract. Take it with an imaginary teaser: suppose that some portion of fiscal transfers is dedicated to the existence of protected areas.

Overview of fiscal transfers in multilevel governments

Overview of fiscal transfers in multilevel governments. Source: Droste et al. (2017), p. 332.

Does that increase the designation of protected areas? Check out my dissertation.

Let me know if you have any questions, requests, or offers ;).

Ecosystem service research content analysis

letting the data speak: Latent Dirichlet Allocation

We have analyzed topics in ecosystem service research through a fancy unsupervised machine learning algorithm developed by Blei et al. (2003), called Latent Dirichlet Allocation, which we use to analyze how the content has developed and changed over three time periods from 1990 to 2016.

The interactive plots for the subset periods can be found here:

1990-2000, 2001-2010, and 2011-2016

The visuals are based on ldavis, an R package.

To get an idea of how to interpret these plots you can check out statgraphics’ video:

Our analytical code in R can be found here.

The resulting paper:

Droste N, D’Amato D, Goddard JJ (2018) Where communities intermingle, diversity grows – The evolution of topics in ecosystem service research.

has been published in PLoS ONE 13(9): e0204749. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204749

Here you find an html presentation based on Rmarkdown.